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QUESTION NO: 41
Who creates a Product Backlog Item’s estimate?
A. The Development Team after clarifying requirements with the Product Owner.
B. The Product Owner with input from the Development Team.
C. The most senior people in the organization, including architects and subject matter experts.
D. The Scrum Master.
E. The Development Team, alone.
QUESTION NO: 42
Who starts the Daily Scrum?
A. The person coming in last. This encourages people to be on time and helps to stay within the timebox.
B. Whoever the Development Team decides should start.
C. The person who has the token.
D. The Scrum Master. This ensures that the Development Team has the meeting and stays within the time-box.
E. The person who last broke the build.
QUESTION NO: 43
You are the Scrum Master on a newly formed Scrum Team. Which three of the following activities would probably help the team in starting up? (Choose three.)
A. Introduce a bonus system for the top performers in the team.
B. Have the Scrum Team members introduce themselves to each other and give a brief background of their skills and work history.
C. Have the development managers for each Development Team member introduce their direct reports and go over their responsibilities on the Scrum Team.
D. Ensure the Scrum Team members have compatible personalities.
E. Ensure the team understands they need a definition of “Done”.
F. Ask the Product Owner to discuss the product or project, its history, goals, and context, as well as answer questions.
QUESTION NO: 44
A Development Team selects a set of Product Backlog items for a Sprint Backlog with the intent to get the selected items “Done” by the end of the Sprint. Which three phrases best describe the purpose of a definition of “Done”? (Choose three.)
A. It controls whether the developers have performed their tasks.
B. It provides a template for elements that need to be included in the technical documentation.
C. It creates transparency over the work inspected at the Sprint Review.
D. It trucks the percent completeness of a Product Backlog item.
E. It guides the Development Team is creating a forecast at the Sprint Planning.
F. It defines what it takes for an Increment to be ready for release.
QUESTION NO: 45
Select two ways in which technical debt impacts transparency. (Choose two.)
A. When calculated and estimated, the total amount of technical debt shows exactly how long until the Product Owner can release the Increment.
B. It leads to false assumptions about the current state of the system, specifically of an Increment being releasable at the end of a Sprint.
C. As development progresses and code is added, the system becomes more difficult to stabilize, which results in future work being slowed down in unpredictable ways.
D. It enhances transparency for the Product Owner as a Development Team is not allowed to do additional feature development in a Sprint as long as there is technical debt.
QUESTION NO: 46
Which of these may a Development Team deliver at the end of a Sprint?
A. Failing unit tests, to identify acceptance tests for the next Sprint.
B. An increment of software with minor known bugs in it.
C. An increment of working software that is “done”.
D. A single document, if that is what the Scrum Master asked for.
QUESTION NO: 47
How much of the Sprint Backlog must be defined during the Sprint Planning event?
A. Just enough tasks for the Scrum Master to be confident in the Development Team’s understanding of the Sprint.
B. The entire Sprint Backlog must be identified and estimated by the end of the Sprint Planning meeting.
C. Enough so the Development Team can create its best forecast of what is can do, and to start the first several days of the Sprint.
D. Just enough to understand design and architectural implications.
QUESTION NO: 48
Who is responsible for managing the progress of work during a Sprint?
A. The Scrum Master.
B. The Development Team.
C. The Product Owner.
D. The most junior member of the Team.
QUESTION NO: 49
A Development Team is required to deliver a done Increment by the end of a Sprint. Select two statements that explain what “Done” means. (Choose two.)
A. All work the Development Team is willing to do.
B. Ready for integration.
C. No work left from the definition of “Done”.
D. Whatever the Product Owner defines as quality.
E. Ready to be released to end users.
QUESTION NO: 50
What two factors are best considered when establishing the Sprint length? (Choose two.)
A. The organization has mandated similar length sprints.
B. The level of uncertainty over the technology to be used.
C. The frequency at which team formation can be changed.
D. The risk of being disconnected from the stakeholders.
QUESTION NO: 51
Which of the following are true about the length of the Sprint? (Choose two.)
A. The length of the Sprint should be proportional to the work that is done in between Sprints.
B. It is best to have Sprints of consistent length throughout a development effort.
C. Sprint length is determined during Sprint Planning, and should hold the time it will take to code the planned features in the upcoming Sprint, but does not include time for any testing.
D. Sprint length is determined during Sprint Planning, and should be long enough to make sure the Development Team can deliver what is to be accomplished in the upcoming Sprint.
E. All Sprints must be 1 month or less.
QUESTION NO: 52
What are two responsibilities of testers in a Scrum Team? (Choose two.)
A. Verifying the work of programmers.
B. Everyone in the Development Team is responsible for quality.
C. Tracking quality metrics.
D. Finding bugs.
E. Scrum has no “tester” role.
QUESTION NO: 53
The CEO asks the Development Team to add a “very important” item to a Sprint that is in progress. What should the Development Team do?
A. Add the item to the current Sprint and drop an item of equal size.
B. Add the item to the current Sprint without any adjustments.
C. Inform the Product Owner so he/she can work with the CEO.
D. Add the item to the next Sprint.
QUESTION NO: 54
What is the role of management in Scrum? (Choose the best answer.)
A. To present the Scrum Teams with insights and resources that help them improve.
B. To monitor the Development Team’s productivity.
C. To identify and remove people that aren’t working hard enough.
D. To continually monitor staffing levels of the Scrum Team.
QUESTION NO: 55
Which technique is the best way the Scrum Master can ensure that the Development Team communicates effectively with the Product Owner?
A. Monitor communications between them and facilitate direct collaboration.
B. Teach the Development Team to talk in terms of business needs and objectives.
C. Teach the Product Owner about the technologies employed during the Sprints.
D. Act as a go-between for them.
QUESTION NO: 56
The time-box for a Daily Scrum is:
A. Two minutes per person.
B. 15 minutes.
C. The same time of day every day.
D. 4 hours.
QUESTION NO: 57
Which phrase best describes a Product Owner?
A. Go-between development team and customers.
B. Value optimizer.
C. Requirements engineer.
D. Team manager.
QUESTION NO: 58
The length of a Sprint should be:
A. Short enough to keep the business risk acceptable to the Product Owner.
B. Short enough to be able to synchronize the development work with other business events.
C. No more than one calendar month.
D. All of these answers are correct.
QUESTION NO: 59
What is the Product Owner responsible for during the Sprint Retrospective? (Choose the best answer.)
A. Participating as a Scrum Team member.
B. Summarizing and reporting the discussions to the stakeholders that they represent in the Scrum Team.
C. Capturing requirements for the Product Backlog.
D. The Product Owner should not take part in Sprint Retrospectives.
QUESTION NO: 60
Marian is the Product Owner envisioning a project for a new release of her product. She made a projection of a release date based upon a sustained velocity of 17 completed units of work per Sprint. Over the first 3 Sprints, the average velocity was 13 for work that the Development Team estimated as 90% done. The Development Teams, feeling the need to meet the plan, figured that a velocity of 17 was within their reach.
A good way to continue is:
A. The Development Team makes sure that all of the selected scope per Sprint is as “Done” as possible. The undone work is estimated and added to the Sprint Backlog of the next Sprint, so it doesn’t mess up the Product Backlog.
B. Add enough people to the Development Team for the deadline to be made.
C. The opportunity to inspect and adapt is lost. Opaqueness has replaced transparency. Predictability has dropped below zero. The produced software is not usable. As the rules of Scrum have not been respected, it is the Scrum Master’s duty to assess whether repair is possible, or a restart with a more reliable team. If not, the Scrum Master should cancel the project.
D. The Development Team should remind Marian to find funding for enough Release Sprints in which the remaining work can be done.