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QUESTION NO: 1
Which of the following is NOT a valid objective of testing?
A. Preventing defects from being introduced into the code
B. Investigating and fixing defects in the software under test
C. Gaining confidence that the system is fit-for-purpose
D. Providing information for stakeholders’ decision making
QUESTION NO: 2
During which stage of the fundamental test process is the testability of requirements evaluated?
A. Test Implementation and Execution
B. Test Planning and Control
C. Evaluating Exit Criteria and Reporting
D. Test Analysis and Design
QUESTION NO: 3
A new testing tool has been selected for an organization and a pilot project has successfully completed. The next step is to deploy the tool within the organization.
What is a key success factor in tool deployment?
A. Estimate a cost-benefit ratio based on a firm business case.
B. Determine whether benefits will be achieved at reasonable cost.
C. Provide support for the test team using the tool.
D. Assessment of organizational maturity, strengths and weaknesses.
QUESTION NO: 4
Which of the following represents good testing practice for testers, irrespective of the software lifecycle model used?
A. They should start test analysis when the corresponding development level is complete.
B. They should be involved in reviewing requirements or user stories as soon as drafts are available.
C. They should ensure that the same test objectives apply to each test level.
D. They should minimize the ratio of development levels to test levels to reduce project costs.
QUESTION NO: 5
system is being enhanced to simplify screen navigation for users.
Which of the following does NOT reflect structural testing?
A. To test all paths that users could take through the screen menu system
B. To ensure that 100% decision testing is achieved for each system component
C. To test all branches of component calls within the application call graph
D. To ensure that users can navigate to all fields on the screen
QUESTION NO: 6
Which of the following is a defect that is more likely to be found by a static analysis tool than by other testing techniques?
A. Omission of a major requirement
B. Inadequate decision coverage
C. Component memory leakage
D. Variables that are not used improperly declared
QUESTION NO: 7
You are examining a document which gives the precise steps needed in order to execute a test.
What is the correct definition of this document?
A. Test design specification
B. Test condition
C. Test procedure specification
D. Test case specification
QUESTION NO: 8
Which of the following type of defect would NOT be typically found by using a static analysis tool?
A. A variable is defined but is then not used
B. A variable is used in a calculation before it is defined
C. A variable has the wrong numeric value passed into it
D. A variable is used but not declared
QUESTION NO: 9
Which of the following would NOT be a common metric used for monitoring test preparation and execution?
A. Number of Test cases passed and failed
B. Percentage of planned test cases designed
C. Number of test plan review comments
D. Percentage of tasks complete in test environment preparation
QUESTION NO: 10
Which of the following would you NOT expect to see on an incident report from test execution?
A. The version(s) of the software under test
B. The test execution schedule
C. Expected results and actual results
D. Precise steps to reproduce the problem
QUESTION NO: 11
Which of the following would be a good test technique to use when under severe time pressure?
A. Exploratory testing
B. Structure based testing
C. Specification based testing
D. Use Case testing
QUESTION NO: 12
Which of the following options BEST explain the pesticide paradox principle of testing?
A. If we do not regularly review and revise our tests, we’ll stop finding defects.
B. Repeatedly running a set of tests will ensure that a system is defect free.
C. Defects are, paradoxically, often contained in a small number of modules.
D. Testing, like spraying pesticide, is an effective bug / defect removal activity.
QUESTION NO: 13
During the development of a software change for a system, the developer makes a mistake in his work, which leads to a fault in the code. Unfortunately the fault is not found by software testing and is released into live.
What is the definite consequence of this mistake?
A. The system will fail, causing a defect.
B. If the defect is executed, the system may fail.
C. Loss of money, time, or business reputation.
D. Contractual requirements have not been met by testing.
QUESTION NO: 14
Which of the following is NOT a valid use of decision coverage?
A. Checking that all decisions have been exercised in a single program
B. Checking that all decisions have been exercised in a business process
C. Checking that all calls from one program module to another have been made correctly
D. Checking that at least 50% of decisions have been exercised by a test case suite
QUESTION NO: 15
You have been asked to improve the way test automation tools are being used in your company.
Which one of the following is the BEST approach?
A. Selecting and automating scripts that test new functionality to find the most defects
B. Using a keyword-driven testing approach to separate the actions and data from the tool’s script
C. Ensuring that all data, inputs and actions are stored in the tool’s script for ease of maintenance
D. Keeping expected results separate from the automation tool to allow the testers to check the results
QUESTION NO: 16
Which option BEST describes how the level of risk is determined?
A. The likelihood of an adverse event happening multiplied by the cost of preventing it
B. The consequences of a potential problem multiplied by the cost of possible legal action
C. The impact of an adverse event multiplied by the likelihood of that event occurring
D. The likelihood and the probability of a hazard occurring
QUESTION NO: 17
Your task is to compile a test execution schedule for the current release of software.
The system specification states the following logical dependencies:
An admin user must create/amend/delete a standard user.
A standard user is necessary to perform all other actions.
The test plan requires that re-tests must be performed first, followed by the highest priority tests. To save time, the test plan states that tests should be scheduled to create test data for the subsequent tests in the schedule.
The following test cases have been designed, with an indication of priority (1 being the highest priority) and whether the test has previously failed.
Which test execution schedule meets the test plan requirements and logical dependencies?
A. a, d, c, b, e
B. a, c, b, d, e
C. e, a, b, c, d
D. e, a, d, c, b
QUESTION NO: 18
Your company is developing a system with complex business rules and many branches in the structure of its code components. You need to choose one black box technique and one white box technique for test case design.
Which one of the following offers the BEST choice?
A. Statement testing and exploratory testing
B. Decision testing and equivalence partitioning
C. Decision testing and decision table testing
D. Boundary value analysis and decision table testing
QUESTION NO: 19
Which one of the following statements about testing techniques is TRUE?
A. Exploratory testing can replace black box techniques when testing time is very limited
B. Test execution scheduling should give priority to experienced based testing
C. Specification based techniques can be used as a substitute for a poorly defined test basis
D. Experienced based techniques are systematic and produce detailed test documentation
QUESTION NO: 20
garden irrigation system allows the user to specify 2 inputs.
Frequency – The number of times the system should be automatically switched on per day;minimum once per day, maximum 5 times
Duration – The duration of operation, in whole minutes, each time it is switched on, ranging from 1 to 60
Applying 2-value boundary value analysis, which of the following options has the correct test set of valid and invalid boundary values?
A. Frequency 1, 5; Duration 1, 60
B. Frequency 0, 1, 5, 6; Duration 59 seconds, 1 minute, 60 minutes, 60 minutes 1 second
C. Frequency 0, 1, 5, 6; Duration 0, 1, 60, 61
D. Frequency 0, 1, 2, 5, 6; Duration 0, 1, 30, 60, 61
QUESTION NO: 21
The decision table above reflects a golf club’s pricing structure for green fees and buggy/cart hire.
What is the expected result (actions) for each of the following two test cases (TC1 and TC2)?
TC1 – Paul is not a full member, is a Loyalty Card holder and requests to play 18 holes with a buggy/cart
TC2 – Cheryl is not a full member, doesn’t have a Loyalty Card and requests to play 9 holes with a buggy/cart
A. TC1 – £23 total charge including buggy hire; TC2 – £21 total charge including buggy hire
B. TC1 – £18 total charge including buggy hire; TC2 – £16 total charge but no buggy allowed
C. TC1 – £23 total charge including buggy hire; TC2 – £16 total charge but no buggy allowed
D. TC1 – £17 total charge but no buggy allowed; TC2 – £21 total charge including buggy hire
QUESTION NO: 22
Which of the following activities is appropriate to the test planning stage?
A. Analyzing the test basis
B. Assigning resources for the planned activities
C. Designing the test environments
D. Writing a test execution schedule
QUESTION NO: 23
Testing effort can depend on a number of factors, which one of the following is MOST likely to impact the amount of effort required?
A. The predicted number of defects and the amount of network required
B. The ratio of developers to testers in the project team
C. The planned use of a project management tool to schedule tasks
D. The responsibilities for testers and developers being clearly defined
QUESTION NO: 24
booking system for a city bus service prices its fares according to the time of travel:
Peak-time tariff starts at 0600 and finishes at 1000 am
Off-peak tariff applies during all other times of service
The bus service does not operate between 2300 and the start of the next day’s peak service
Note that all times mentioned are inclusive.
When applying the equivalence partitioning test design technique, which of the following options shows test case inputs that each fall into a different equivalence partition?
A. 0600, 1000, 1200
B. 1001, 1300, 2259
C. 0100, 0800, 2200
D. 2400, 1000, 2301
QUESTION NO: 25
Which of the following is a white-box test technique?
A. Decision table testing
B. Exploratory testing
C. Statement testing
D. Error guessing
QUESTION NO: 26
In the above State Table, which of the following represents an invalid transition?
A. Event C from S3
B. Event E from S4
C. Event B from S2
D. Event D from S4
QUESTION NO: 27
The decision table above shows a company’s fuel expenses structure.
Which of the following Test Cases based on the decision table are Valid?
Test Case 1: An employee who is not a car or motorcycle driver attempts to claim fuel expenses. Expected result: Expense claim not allowed.
Test Case 2: An employee who drives a 1700cc diesel car attempts to claim fuel expenses. Expected result: Expense claim accepted at band C.
Test Case 3: An employee who rides a motorcycle attempts to claim fuel expenses. Expected result: Expense claim accepted at band.
A. Test Cases 1 and 3 are Valid. Test Case 2 is Invalid.
B. Test Cases 2 and 3 are Valid. Test Case 1 is Invalid.
C. Test Cases 1, 2 and 3 are all Valid.
D. Test Case 2 is Valid. Test Cases 1 and 3 are Invalid.
QUESTION NO: 28
Which of the following options describe the causal chain in the correct sequence?
A. Error, fault, failure
B. Fault, bug, mistake
C. Mistake, failure, fault
D. Failure, bug, error
QUESTION NO: 29
Which of the following would achieve the HIGHEST level of testing independence for a project’s system test level?
A. Training developers to design good tests for the test team to execute
B. Outsourcing test design and execution to a different company
C. Having the company’s independent test team design and execute the tests
D. Minimizing contact between testers and developers during test design to avoid bias
QUESTION NO: 30
When can functional and structural testing BOTH be applied?
A. System and Component test levels only
B. All ‘Development’ test levels, i. e. those before Acceptance testing
C. Component and Component integration test levels only
D. All test levels