Practice Exam Version:
Part 1: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-1/
Part 2: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-2/
Part 3: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-3/
Part 4: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-4/
Part 5: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-5/
Part 6: https://awslagi.com/comptia-cysa-cs0-002-certification-exam-part-6/
Actual Exam Version: https://awslagi.com/course-category/comptia/
Q241.A cybersecurity analyst is responding to an incident. The company’s leadership team wants to attribute the incident to an attack group. Which of the following models would BEST apply to the situation?
A. Intelligence cycle
B. Diamond Model of Intrusion Analysis
C. Kill chain
D. MITRE ATT&CK
Q242.A security analyst is reviewing a web application. If an unauthenticated user tries to access a page in the application, the user is redirected to the login page. After successful authentication, the user is then redirected back to the original page. Some users have reported receiving phishing emails with a link that takes them to the application login page but then redirects to a fake login page after successful authentication. Which of the following will remediate this software vulnerability?
A. Enforce unique session IDs for the application.
B. Deploy a WAF in front of the web application.
C. Check for and enforce the proper domain for the redirect.
D. Use a parameterized query to check the credentials.
E. Implement email filtering with anti-phishing protection.
Q243.While reviewing log files, a security analyst uncovers a brute-force attack that is being performed against an external webmail portal. Which of the following would be BEST to prevent this type of attack from being successful?
A. Create a new rule in the IDS that triggers an alert on repeated login attempts
B. Implement MFA on the email portal using out-of-band code delivery
C. Alter the lockout policy to ensure users are permanently locked out after five attempts
D. Leverage password filters to prevent weak passwords on employee accounts from being exploited
E. Configure a WAF with brute-force protection rules in block mode
Q244.A security analyst reviews SIEM logs and detects a well-known malicious executable running in a Windows machine. The up-to-date antivirus cannot detect the malicious executable. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause of this issue?
A. The malware is fileless and exists only in physical memory
B. The malware detects and prevents its own execution in a virtual environment
C. The antivirus does not have the malware’s signature
D. The malware is being executed with administrative privileges
Q245.During a routine log review, a security analyst has found the following commands that cannot be identified from the Bash history log on the root user:
Which of the following commands should the analyst investigate FIRST?
A. Line 1
B. Line 2
C. Line 3
D. Line 4
E. Line 5
F. Line 6
Q246.A remote code execution vulnerability was discovered in the RDP. An organization currently uses RDP for remote access to a portion of its VDI environment. The analyst verified network-level authentication is enabled. Which of the following is the BEST remediation for this vulnerability?
A. Verify the threat intelligence feed is updated with the latest solutions.
B. Verify the system logs do not contain indicator of compromise.
C. Verify the latest endpoint-protection signature is in place.
D. Verify the corresponding patch for the vulnerability is installed.
Q247.A cybersecurity analyst is reading a daily intelligence digest of new vulnerabilities. The type of vulnerability that should be disseminated FIRST is one that:
A. enables remote code execution that is being exploited in the wild
B. enables data leakage but is not known to be in the environment
C. enables lateral movement and was reported as a proof of concept
D. affected the organization in the past but was probably contained and eradicated
Q248.A security analyst wants to capture large amounts of network data that will be analyzed at a later time. The packet capture does not need to be in a format that is readable by humans, since it will be put into a binary file called `packetCapture`. The capture must be as efficient as possible, and the analyst wants to minimize the likelihood that packets will be missed. Which of the following commands will BEST accomplish the analyst’s objectives?
A. tcpdump ג€”w packetCapture
B. tcpdump ג€”a packetCapture
C. tcpdump ג€”n packetCapture
D. nmap ג€”v > packetCapture
E. nmap ג€”oA > packetCapture
Q249.An incident response team is responding to a breach of multiple systems that contain PII and PHI. Disclosing the incident to external entities should be based on:
A. the responder’s discretion
B. the public relations policy
C. the communication plan
D. senior management’s guidance
Q250.When investigating a compromised system, a security analyst finds the following script in the /tmp directory:
Which of the following attacks is this script attempting, and how can it be mitigated?
A. This is a password-hijacking attack, and it can be mitigated by using strong encryption protocols.
B. This is a password-spraying attack, and it can be mitigated by using multifactor authentication.
C. This is a password-dictionary attack, and it can be mitigated by forcing password changes every 30 days.
D. This is a credential-stuffing attack, and it can be mitigated by using multistep authentication.
Q251.An information security analyst discovered a virtual machine server was compromised by an attacker. Which of the following should be the FIRST step to confirm and respond to the incident?
A. Pause the virtual machine,
B. Shut down the virtual machine.
C. Take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
D. Remove the NIC from the virtual machine.
E. Review host hypervisor log of the virtual machine.
F. Execute a migration of the virtual machine.
Q252.A critical server was compromised by malware, and all functionality was lost. Backups of this server were taken; however, management believes a logic bomb may have been injected by a rootkit. Which of the following should a security analyst perform to restore functionality quickly?
A. Work backward, restoring each backup until the server is clean
B. Restore the previous backup and scan with a live boot anti-malware scanner
C. Stand up a new server and restore critical data from backups
D. Offload the critical data to a new server and continue operations
Q253.A security manager has asked an analyst to provide feedback on the results of a penetration test. After reviewing the results, the manager requests information regarding the possible exploitation of vulnerabilities. Which of the following information data points would be MOST useful for the analyst to provide to the security manager, who would then communicate the risk factors to senior management? (Choose two.)
B. Adversary capability
C. Attack vector
F. Indicators of compromise
Q254.An analyst performs a routine scan of a host using Nmap and receives the following output:
Which of the following should the analyst investigate FIRST?
A. Port 21
B. Port 22
C. Port 23
D. Port 80
Q255.A forensic analyst took an image of a workstation that was involved in an incident. To BEST ensure the image is not tampered with, the analyst should use:
B. backup tapes
C. a legal hold
D. chain of custody
Q256.An organization is experiencing issues with emails that are being sent to external recipients. Incoming emails to the organization are working fine. A security analyst receives the following screenshot of an email error from the help desk:
The analyst then checks the email server and sees many of the following messages in the logs:
Error 550 `” Message rejected –
Which of the following is MOST likely the issue?
A. SPF is failing.
B. The DMARC queue is full.
C. The DKIM private key has expired.
D. Port 25 is not open.
Q256.A development team signed a contract that requires access to an on-premises physical server. Access must be restricted to authorized users only and cannot be connected to the Internet.
Which of the following solutions would meet this requirement?
A. Establish a hosted SSO.
B. Implement a CASB.
C. Virtualize the server.
D. Air gap the server.
Q257.When attempting to do a stealth scan against a system that does not respond to ping, which of the following Nmap commands BEST accomplishes that goal?
A. nmap “”sA “”O
B. nmap “”sT “”O60.
C. nmap “”sS “”O
D. nmap “”sQ “”O
Q258.A product manager is working with an analyst to design a new application that will perform as a data analytics platform and will be accessible via a web browser.
The product manager suggests using a PaaS provider to host the application.
Which of the following is a security concern when using a PaaS solution?
A. The use of infrastructure-as-code capabilities leads to an increased attack surface.
B. Patching the underlying application server becomes the responsibility of the client.
C. The application is unable to use encryption at the database level.
D. Insecure application programming interfaces can lead to data compromise.
Q259.A SIEM solution alerts a security analyst of a high number of login attempts against the company’s webmail portal. The analyst determines the login attempts used credentials from a past data breach. Which of the following is the BEST mitigation to prevent unauthorized access?
A. Single sign-on
B. Mandatory access control
C. Multifactor authentication
E. Privileged access management
Q260.A security analyst is reviewing vulnerability scan results and notices new workstations are being flagged as having outdated antivirus signatures. The analyst observes the following plugin output:
Antivirus is installed on the remote host:
Installation path: C:\Program Files\AVProduct\Win32\
Product Engine: 14.12.101 –
Engine Version: 3.5.71 –
Scanner does not currently have information about AVProduct version 3.5.71. It may no longer be supported.
The engine version is out of date. The oldest supported version from the vendor is 4.2.11.
The analyst uses the vendor’s website to confirm the oldest supported version is correct.
Which of the following BEST describes the situation?
A. This is a false positive, and the scanning plugin needs to be updated by the vendor.
B. This is a true negative, and the new computers have the correct version of the software.
C. This is a true positive, and the new computers were imaged with an old version of the software.
D. This is a false negative, and the new computers need to be updated by the desktop team.
Q261.As part of an exercise set up by the information security officer, the IT staff must move some of the network systems to an off-site facility and redeploy them for testing. All staff members must ensure their respective systems can power back up and match their gold image. If they find any inconsistencies, they must formally document the information.
Which of the following BEST describes this test?
A. Walk through
B. Full interruption
Q262.A user’s computer has been running slowly when the user tries to access web pages. A security analyst runs the command netstat -aon from the command line and receives the following output:
Which of the following lines indicates the computer may be compromised?
A. Line 1
B. Line 2
C. Line 3
D. Line 4
E. Line 5
F. Line 6
Q263.A security analyst is reviewing the following log from an email security service.
Which of the following BEST describes the reason why the email was blocked?
A. The To address is invalid.
B. The email originated from the www.spamfilter.org URL.
C. The IP address and the remote server name are the same.
D. The IP address was blacklisted.
E. The From address is invalid.
Q264.An incident responder successfully acquired application binaries off a mobile device for later forensic analysis.
Which of the following should the analyst do NEXT?
A. Decompile each binary to derive the source code.
B. Perform a factory reset on the affected mobile device.
C. Compute SHA-256 hashes for each binary.
D. Encrypt the binaries using an authenticated AES-256 mode of operation.
E. Inspect the permissions manifests within each application.
Q265.Which of the following sets of attributes BEST illustrates the characteristics of an insider threat from a security perspective?
A. Unauthorized, unintentional, benign
B. Unauthorized, intentional, malicious
C. Authorized, intentional, malicious
Q266.A large amount of confidential data was leaked during a recent security breach. As part of a forensic investigation, the security team needs to identify the various types of traffic that were captured between two compromised devices.
Which of the following should be used to identify the traffic?
B. Disk imaging
C. Packet analysis
D. Memory dump
Q267.During routine monitoring, a security analyst discovers several suspicious websites that are communicating with a local host. The analyst queries for IP
192.168.50.2 for a 24-hour period:
To further investigate, the analyst should request PCAP for SRC 192.168.50.2 and __________.
A. DST 220.127.116.11.
B. DST 18.104.22.168.
C. DST 22.214.171.124.
D. DST 126.96.36.199.
E. DST 188.8.131.52.
Q268.For machine learning to be applied effectively toward security analysis automation, it requires __________.
A. relevant training data.
B. a threat feed API.
C. a multicore, multiprocessor system.
D. anomalous traffic signatures.
Q269.During an incident, a cybersecurity analyst found several entries in the web server logs that are related to an IP with a bad reputation. Which of the following would cause the analyst to further review the incident?
A. BadReputationIp – – [2019-04-12 10:43Z] ג€GET /etc/passwdג€ 403 1023
B. BadReputationIp – – [2019-04-12 10:43Z] ג€GET /index.html?src=../.ssh/id_rsaג€ 401 17044
C. BadReputationIp – – [2019-04-12 10:43Z] ג€GET /a.php?src=/etc/passwdג€ 403 11056
D. BadReputationIp – – [2019-04-12 10:43Z] ג€GET /a.php?src=../../.ssh/id_rsaג€ 200 15036
E. BadReputationIp – – [2019-04-12 10:43Z] ג€GET /favicon.ico?src=../usr/share/iconsג€ 200 19064
Q270.A threat feed notes malicious actors have been infiltrating companies and exfiltrating data to a specific set of domains. Management at an organization wants to know if it is a victim. Which of the following should the security analyst recommend to identify this behavior without alerting any potential malicious actors?
A. Create an IPS rule to block these domains and trigger an alert within the SIEM tool when these domains are requested.
B. Add the domains to a DNS sinkhole and create an alert in the SIEM tool when the domains are queried
C. Look up the IP addresses for these domains and search firewall logs for any traffic being sent to those IPs over port 443
D. Query DNS logs with a SIEM tool for any hosts requesting the malicious domains and create alerts based on this information
Q271.An application server runs slowly and then triggers a high CPU alert. After investigating, a security analyst finds an unauthorized program is running on the server.
The analyst reviews the application log below.
Which of the following conclusions is supported by the application log?
A. An attacker was attempting to perform a DoS attack against the server
B. An attacker was attempting to download files via a remote command execution vulnerability
C. An attacker was attempting to perform a buffer overflow attack to execute a payload in memory
D. An attacker was attempting to perform an XSS attack via a vulnerable third-party library
Q272.A development team is testing a new application release. The team needs to import existing client PHI data records from the production environment to the test environment to test accuracy and functionality.
Which of the following would BEST protect the sensitivity of this data while still allowing the team to perform the testing?
Q273.A web-based front end for a business intelligence application uses pass-through authentication to authenticate users. The application then uses a service account to perform queries and look up data in a database. A security analyst discovers employees are accessing data sets they have not been authorized to use. Which of the following will fix the cause of the issue?
A. Change the security model to force the users to access the database as themselves
B. Parameterize queries to prevent unauthorized SQL queries against the database
C. Configure database security logging using syslog or a SIEM
D. Enforce unique session IDs so users do not get a reused session ID
Malware is suspected on a server in the environment.
The analyst is provided with the output of commands from servers in the environment and needs to review all output files in order to determine which process running on one of the servers may be malware.
Servers 1, 2, and 4 are clickable. Select the Server and the process that host the malware.
If at any time you would like to bring back the initial state of the simulation, please click the Reset All button.
Hint answer: Server 4, svchost.exe
Q275.An information security analyst observes anomalous behavior on the SCADA devices in a power plant. This behavior results in the industrial generators overheating and destabilizing the power supply.
Which of the following would BEST identify potential indicators of compromise?
A. Use Burp Suite to capture packets to the SCADA device’s IP.
B. Use tcpdump to capture packets from the SCADA device IP.
C. Use Wireshark to capture packets between SCADA devices and the management system.
D. Use Nmap to capture packets from the management system to the SCADA devices.
Q276.A general contractor has a list of contract documents containing critical business data that are stored at a public cloud provider. The organization’s security analyst recently reviewed some of the storage containers and discovered most of the containers are not encrypted. Which of the following configurations will provide the
MOST security to resolve the vulnerability?
A. Upgrading TLS 1.2 connections to TLS 1.3
B. Implementing AES-256 encryption on the containers
C. Enabling SHA-256 hashing on the containers
D. Implementing the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm at the file level
Q277.Which of the following roles is ultimately responsible for determining the classification levels assigned to specific data sets?
A. Data custodian
B. Data owner
C. Data processor
D. Senior management
Q278.A security analyst receives an alert from the SIEM about a possible attack happening on the network. The analyst opens the alert and sees the IP address of the suspected server as 192.168.54.66, which is part of the network 192.168.54.0/24. The analyst then pulls all the command history logs from that server and sees the following:
Which of the following activities is MOST likely happening on the server?
A. A vulnerability scan
D. A MITM attack
Q279.During an investigation, a security analyst determines suspicious activity occurred during the night shift over the weekend. Further investigation reveals the activity was initiated from an internal IP going to an external website.
Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate recommendation to prevent the activity from happening in the future?
A. An IPS signature modification for the specific IP addresses
B. An IDS signature modification for the specific IP addresses
C. A firewall rule that will block port 80 traffic
D. A firewall rule that will block traffic from the specific IP addresses
Q280.A security analyst is auditing firewall rules with the goal of scanning some known ports to check the firewall’s behavior and responses. The analyst executes the following commands:
The analyst then compares the following results for port 22:
✑ nmap returns `Closed`
✑ hping3 returns `flags=RA`
Which of the following BEST describes the firewall rule?
A. DNAT ג€”-to-destination 184.108.40.206:3000
B. REJECT with ג€”-tcp-reset
C. LOG ג€”-log-tcp-sequence
Q281.A storage area network (SAN) was inadvertently powered off while power maintenance was being performed in a datacenter. None of the systems should have lost all power during the maintenance. Upon review, it is discovered that a SAN administrator moved a power plug when testing the SAN’s fault notification features.
Which of the following should be done to prevent this issue from reoccurring?
A. Ensure both power supplies on the SAN are serviced by separate circuits, so that if one circuit goes down, the other remains powered.
B. Install additional batteries in the SAN power supplies with enough capacity to keep the system powered on during maintenance operations.
C. Ensure power configuration is covered in the datacenter change management policy and have the SAN administrator review this policy.
D. Install a third power supply in the SAN so loss of any power intuit does not result in the SAN completely powering off.
Welcome to the Enterprise Help Desk System. Please work the ticket escalated to you in the help desk ticket queue.
Click on the ticket to see the ticket details. Additional content is available on tabs within the ticket.
First, select the appropriate issue from the drop-down menu. Then, select the MOST likely root cause from second drop-down menu.
If at any time you would like to bring back the initial state of the simulation, please click the Reset All button.
Q283.As part of a review of incident response plans, which of the following is MOST important for an organization to understand when establishing the breach notification period?
A. Organizational policies
B. Vendor requirements and contracts
C. Service-level agreements
D. Legal requirements
Q284.A security analyst reviews the following aggregated output from an Nmap scan and the border firewall ACL:
Which of the following should the analyst reconfigure to BEST reduce organizational risk while maintaining current functionality?
Q285.An organization used a third party to conduct a security audit and discovered several deficiencies in the cybersecurity program. The findings noted many external vulnerabilities that were not caught by the vulnerability scanning software, numerous weaknesses that allowed lateral movement, and gaps in monitoring that did not detect the activity of the auditors. Based on these findings, which of the following would be the BEST long-term enhancement to the security program?
A. Quarterly external penetration testing
B. Monthly tabletop scenarios
C. Red-team exercises
D. Audit exercises
Q286.During a review of vulnerability scan results, an analyst determines the results may be flawed because a control-baseline system, which is used to evaluate a scanning tool’s effectiveness, was reported as not vulnerable. Consequently, the analyst verifies the scope of the scan included the control-baseline host, which was available on the network during the scan. The use of a control-baseline endpoint in this scenario assists the analyst in confirming:
A. verification of mitigation.
B. false positives.
C. false negatives.
D. the criticality index.
E. hardening validation.
Q287.A Chief Security Officer (CSO) is working on the communication requirements for an organization’s incident response plan. In addition to technical response activities, which of the following is the main reason why communication must be addressed in an effective incident response program?
A. Public relations must receive information promptly in order to notify the community.
B. Improper communications can create unnecessary complexity and delay response actions.
C. Organizational personnel must only interact with trusted members of the law enforcement community.
D. Senior leadership should act as the only voice for the incident response team when working with forensics teams.
Q288.An organization that handles sensitive financial information wants to perform tokenization of data to enable the execution of recurring transactions. The organization is most interested in a secure, built-in device to support its solution. Which of the following would MOST likely be required to perform the desired function?
Q289.A monthly job to install approved vendor software updates and hot fixes recently stopped working. The security team performed a vulnerability scan, which identified several hosts as having some critical OS vulnerabilities, as referenced in the common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVE) database.
Which of the following should the security team do NEXT to resolve the critical findings in the most effective manner? (Choose two.)
A. Patch the required hosts with the correct updates and hot fixes, and rescan them for vulnerabilities.
B. Remove the servers reported to have high and medium vulnerabilities.
C. Tag the computers with critical findings as a business risk acceptance.
D. Manually patch the computers on the network, as recommended on the CVE website.
E. Harden the hosts on the network, as recommended by the NIST framework.
F. Resolve the monthly job issues and test them before applying them to the production network.
Q290.A security analyst needs to reduce the overall attack surface.
Which of the following infrastructure changes should the analyst recommend?
A. Implement a honeypot.
B. Air gap sensitive systems.
C. Increase the network segmentation.
D. Implement a cloud-based architecture.
Q291.Which of the following policies would state an employee should not disable security safeguards, such as host firewalls and antivirus, on company systems?
A. Code of conduct policy
B. Account management policy
C. Password policy
D. Acceptable use policy
Q292.A security analyst received a SIEM alert regarding high levels of memory consumption for a critical system. After several attempts to remediate the issue, the system went down. A root cause analysis revealed a bad actor forced the application to not reclaim memory. This caused the system to be depleted of resources.
Which of the following BEST describes this attack?
A. Injection attack
B. Memory corruption
C. Denial of service
D. Array attack
Q293.An organization has the following risk mitigation policy:
✑ Risks with a probability of 95% or greater will be addressed before all others regardless of the impact.
✑ All other prioritization will be based on risk value.
The organization has identified the following risks:
Which of the following is the order of priority for risk mitigation from highest to lowest?
A. A, B, D, C
B. A, B, C, D
C. D, A, B, C
D. D, A, C, B
Q294.Which of the following would MOST likely be included in the incident response procedure after a security breach of customer PII?
A. Human resources
B. Public relations
D. Internal network operations center
Q295.A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) wants to upgrade an organization’s security posture by improving proactive activities associated with attacks from internal and external threats.
Which of the following is the MOST proactive tool or technique that feeds incident response capabilities?
A. Development of a hypothesis as part of threat hunting
B. Log correlation, monitoring, and automated reporting through a SIEM platform
C. Continuous compliance monitoring using SCAP dashboards
D. Quarterly vulnerability scanning using credentialed scans
Q296.Which of the following would a security engineer recommend to BEST protect sensitive system data from being accessed on mobile devices?
A. Use a UEFI boot password
B. Implement a self-encrypted disk
C. Configure filesystem encryption
D. Enable Secure Boot using TPM
Q297.An organization developed a comprehensive incident response policy. Executive management approved the policy and its associated procedures. Which of the following activities would be MOST beneficial to evaluate personnel’s familiarity with incident response procedures?
A. A simulated breach scenario involving the incident response team
B. Completion of annual information security awareness training by all employees
C. Tabletop activities involving business continuity team members
D. Completion of lessons-learned documentation by the computer security incident response team
E. External and internal penetration testing by a third party
Q298.During an investigation, an analyst discovers the following rule in an executive’s email client:
IF * TO
SELECT FROM ‘sent’ THEN DELETE FROM
The executive is not aware of this rule. Which of the following should the analyst do FIRST to evaluate the potential impact of this security incident?
A. Check the server logs to evaluate which emails were sent to
B. Use the SIEM to correlate logging events from the email server and the domain server
C. Remove the rule from the email client and change the password
D. Recommend that management implement SPF and DKIM
Q299.A security analyst implemented a solution that would analyze the attacks that the organization’s firewalls failed to prevent. The analyst used the existing systems to enact the solution and executed the following command:
$ sudo nc -1 `”v `”e maildaemon.py 25 > caplog.txt
Which of the following solutions did the analyst implement?
A. Log collector
B. Crontab mail script
Q300.A security analyst for a large financial institution is creating a threat model for a specific threat actor that is likely targeting an organization’s financial assets.
Which of the following is the BEST example of the level of sophistication this threat actor is using?
A. Social media accounts attributed to the threat actor
B. Custom malware attributed to the threat actor from prior attacks
C. Email addresses and phone numbers tied to the threat actor
D. Network assets used in previous attacks attributed to the threat actor
E. IP addresses used by the threat actor for command and control